The Convention on the Rights of the Child
The Convention was born in 1989 to proclaim that all children have inalienable rights universal and indivisible and that governments have a duty to implement the necessary policies to ensure and monitor compliance. These rights are the rights of the child, and although we have seen that have always existed, this was the first time in history that are acknowledged and the world is committed in its performance.
Countries that ratify the Convention are obliged to provide the means for the rights of children are met in their territory (up laws, creating institutions for the protection of minors and promoting child policy, for example). The Committee on the Rights of the Child monitors whether countries fulfill their commitments and makes recommendations to change their laws and policies.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child has 54 articles, which describe the rights of all minors and require countries to put the necessary resources for compliance. Getting to the 54 items was not easy and many experts from around the world worked for years to develop the Convention. The Convention is the treaty with more international support: only the U.S. and Somalia are not States Parties to the Convention.
The Convention can be extended with additional documents to enhance protection of certain rights are the Optional Protocols to the Convention. There are currently two protocols that have not been ratified by all States Parties to the Convention.
The Rights of the Child as Mafalda